The trail of the Ionians begins in the Mykenaean Greek records of Crete. The Mykaneans were a warrior people who mythology attests conquered Troy. They developed their language (Linear B) over time after invading Crete and encountering the Cretan language, Linear A. Linear B is considered the predecessor of the Greek Language. The civilization crumbled 1100BCE, with Mykeneans fleeing to Cyprus, various islands, and coastal Anatolia (Miletus-Agathopolis-Ahtopol).
Acropoli Micenea di Atene (1200 a.C.) by Panaiotis on DeviantArt
Acropolis of Athens during the Mycenaean period 1500-1300 BCE. The Mycenaean palace wall also known as Pelasgiko (or Pelargiko) is currently visible near the Propylaea. The wall constituted the main means of defense until the end of the archaic period. The citadel had two entrances at the north and west. The west where today stands the Propylaea, had nine gates, the so called "enneapylon" which as reported by Thucydides, existed until the entrance of the Persians in Athens in 480 BCE.
Mycenaean, about 1300-1200 BC From Tomb 83, Enkomi, Cyprus In the ‘Pictorial Style’ This vase is a fine example of Mycenaean Pictorial Style pottery. It is decorated with a well-observed scene from nature, showing a cattle egret removing a tick from the hide of a bull. On the other side of the vase is a bull with a bird in the air above it.
A MYCENAEAN POTTERY SQUAT ALABASTRON
A MYCENAEAN POTTERY SQUAT ALABASTRON LATE HELLADIC IIA, CIRCA 15TH CENTURY B.C. The wide rounded body on a flat base, with a short neck and a broad flaring mouth, three horizontal loop handles along the shoulders, the body richly decorated with undulating forms outlined by a dotted line, a band of dots around the base of the neck, the underside centered by two concentric rings from which emerge five equally-spaced double wavy lines 8¾ in. (22.2 cm.) high
Sunken Cities Of The Ancient World
Pavlopetri, Greece. The ruins of the ancient Mycenaean town of Pavlopetri date back to the Neolithic period (2,800 BC), and unveil a cultural hub of ancient Greece. The submerged city was discovered three to four metres off the coast of southern Laconia, and has many intact buildings, courtyards, streets, chamber tombs and graves. Pavlopetri was believed to be a thriving harbour town and sheds light on many mysteries of the Mycenaean civilization.
Rendering of what it is believed the interior of the megaron of the palace at Mycenae in Greece would have looked like when it was built (c. 1500 - 1300 BCE). Palaces like this were built around a large open courtyard that was accessed from an outer vestibule and portico that was flanked by two columns. The symmetrical plan and placement of the megaton suggests the beginnings of a formal and monumental approach to planning.
Boar Tusk Helmet
For centuries the only record humanity had of a boar's tusk helmet was a description in Homer's Iliad. Through the years scholars assumed that Homer had just made up some fantasy helmet that never existed. But then archaeologists began to find artistic representations of boar's tusk helmets and even the remains of the helmets themselves.