1. IMPRESSIONISM (1870-1890) originated from a small diverse group of Parisian-based artists who searched for a more exact portrayal of the effects of changing natural light, often painting outdoors, using dashed brush strokes of colour which captured the essence of the subject, rather than its details. This artistic independence & allegiance to modern expression made them seem rebellious from the traditional style of the era. Impressionism changed art - Art was firmly modern from there…
2. POST IMPRESSIONISM (1885-1905) is an adaption of Impressionism - keeping the use of vivid colours, thick application of paint, distinctive brush strokes and real-life subject matter, but without the limitations, triviality of subject matter & lack of structure. They also often emphasised on geometric forms, distortion for effect and the use of unnatural and random colour choices. Image: Van Gogh's Starry Night.
3. FAUVISM (1905-1910) is a flamboyant style of painting, using outrageously bold colours, used at their highest pitch to express the artist's feelings about the subject, rather than simply to describe it's appearance. Fauvist paintings were also very simplified drawings, the style adapted from Impressionism and was a major influence on German Expressionism. Image: Maurice de Vlaminck, The River Seine at Chatou,1906
5. ABSTRACT ART (1907+) describes the visual elements of a subject in a completely new composition from how it would logically be perceived. Alternative ways of expressing a visual experience became popular when expressive art formed in late 19th Century.This type of art can be from as little to complete abstraction, bearing no resemblance to the subject at all. The following Movements described in this timeline are taken from the concept of Abstract Art. Image: Whistler, The Falling Rocket
10. DE STIJL (1917-1931), a Dutch Abstract Art. Mondrian, the main pioneer, spiritual man who was intent on developing a universal visual language that was free from nationalism that had led to the Great War. Refined elements of his art to a grid of lines & primary colours, which he viewed as possessing counteracting cosmic forces. Mondrian also referred to his style as 'Neo-Plasticism' which was inspired by the Theosophical beliefs of the mathematician & philosopher, M.H.J. Schoenmaekers.
‘Abstract Speed - The Car has Passed’, Giacomo Balla, 1913 | Tate
Artwork page for ‘Abstract Speed - The Car has Passed’, Giacomo Balla, 1913 Ballà was a leading figure in the Italian Futurist group. He believed that the power and speed of machines such as cars were the salient characteristics of the modern age and aimed to express this idea in his work. This painting was originally the right-hand part part of a triptych. The left-hand part of the triptych was called 'Line of Force + Landscape' and the central one 'Lines of Force + Noise'. The theme of the…
8. SUPREMATISM (1915-1925), Russian artist Kazimir Malevich's brain-child, was a geometric style of abstract painting inspired from Cubism and Futurism, and painted in a minimal range of colours. Malevich rejected any use of representational images, believing that the non-representational forms of pure abstraction had a greater spiritual power and an ability to open the mind to ‘the supremacy of pure feeling’. Image: Suprematism (Supremus No. 58), Malevich, 1916.
4. GERMAN EXPRESSIONISM (1905-1925) is a style of art that is charged with a high emotional vision of the World. Influenced by Fauvism, they also drew their inspiration from German Gothic and primitive art. These developments in Germany were part of a larger Expressionist movement which also included architecture and cinema. Image: ERNST LUDWIG KIRCHNER 'The Red Tower at Halle', 1915 (oil on canvas)