Facts you may not know about Greek history

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The 10days Battle of Crete  when Nazi Germany launched an airborne invasion of Crete under the code-name Unternehmen Merkur (Operation Mercury). Greek and Allied forces, along with Cretan civilians, defended the island  Historian Christopher Buckley stated that "Cretans fought with extreme courage and tenacity."

The 10days Battle of Crete when Nazi Germany launched an airborne invasion of Crete under the code-name Unternehmen Merkur (Operation Mercury). Greek and Allied forces, along with Cretan civilians, defended the island Historian Christopher Buckley stated that "Cretans fought with extreme courage and tenacity."

Greek partisans who fought German invaders during the battle of Crete (May 1941). This image has become a sort of anti-government mascot during the upheavals in the Greek economy since 2011.

Greek partisans who fought German invaders during the battle of Crete (May 1941). This image has become a sort of anti-government mascot during the upheavals in the Greek economy since 2011.

GREECE CHANNEL | Winston Churchill, to honor the way Greeks fought the Italian & German armies during W.W.II.

GREECE CHANNEL | Winston Churchill, to honor the way Greeks fought the Italian & German armies during W.W.II.

GREECE CHANNEL | Franklin Roosevelt talking about Greeks...

GREECE CHANNEL | Franklin Roosevelt talking about Greeks...

Franklin Roosevelt talking about Greeks...

Franklin Roosevelt talking about Greeks...

Greece, 1942-1944. Students at an elementary school; a galloping inflation imposed by the German authorities paying for goods on the Greek market with counterfeit money, made an unaffordable luxury the buy of new shows, especially for growing children.

Greece, 1942-1944. Students at an elementary school; a galloping inflation imposed by the German authorities paying for goods on the Greek market with counterfeit money, made an unaffordable luxury the buy of new shows, especially for growing children.

Hélène Vagliano (Paris 1909-Cannes 1944), daughter of the Greek shipowner Marinos Vallianos, joined the French resistance against the collaboranionist regime of Vichy from 1941. She has been arrested and tortured by Gestapo at Cannes, where she has been executed on August 28, 1944, few hours before the Allied forces entered the city of Cannes. A street in modern Cannes bears her name and a memorial on the Greek island of Cephallonia (homeland of the Vallianos family) commemorate her action.

Ελένη Βαλλιάνου

Hélène Vagliano (Paris 1909-Cannes 1944), daughter of the Greek shipowner Marinos Vallianos, joined the French resistance against the collaboranionist regime of Vichy from 1941. She has been arrested and tortured by Gestapo at Cannes, where she has been executed on August 28, 1944, few hours before the Allied forces entered the city of Cannes. A street in modern Cannes bears her name and a memorial on the Greek island of Cephallonia (homeland of the Vallianos family) commemorate her action.

Kalavrita December 13, 1943.  Women--wives, mothers, daughters and orphans mourn the victims of Merkel's predecessors. In the Greek village Kalavrita Wehrmacht Troops executed all the male population and set the houses in fire. The Germans left behind 800 dead.

Kalavrita December 13, 1943. Women--wives, mothers, daughters and orphans mourn the victims of Merkel's predecessors. In the Greek village Kalavrita Wehrmacht Troops executed all the male population and set the houses in fire. The Germans left behind 800 dead.

Greece, 1941-1944. German occupation forces preparing the execution by hanging of a Greek resistant.

Greece, 1941-1944. German occupation forces preparing the execution by hanging of a Greek resistant.

Athens,Greece 1942. Photo taken by Voula Papaioannou.(Under German and Axis occupation, death ratio due to famine raised to one of the highest in occupied Europe).

Athens,Greece 1942. Photo taken by Voula Papaioannou.(Under German and Axis occupation, death ratio due to famine raised to one of the highest in occupied Europe).

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