The Greek communist party, which had long been targeted under the Metaxas regime, became a large force in EAM, a political coalition movement. 1944. EAM created a strong liberation army called ELAS, the People's National Liberation Army, building a force of 20,000 units. After the end of the Nazi occupation of Greece – October 1944 – the KKE, via EAM-ELAS, had the power all over Greece. In 1944, ELAS controlled the best part of Greek territory.