Fresco from an underground funerary complex in Alexandria, #Egypt. The tomb dates from the early phase of the Macedonian Greek occupation of Egypt. Despite its relatively bad condition, the fresco still displays the period's artistic achievements in depicting movement and characteristics common to other monuments f the period in Greece (e.g. color palette) #archaeology
E.89 Round-topped funerary stela showing a fusion of Greek and Egyptian artistic forms. The central figure (the deceased) in Hellenic dress is being led to the afterlife by Egyptian gods: (left to right) Osiris, Anubis and Isis. Excavated by John Garstang at Abydos, Egypt in 1907. Currently in the collections of the Garstang Museum of Archaeology, University of Liverpool. 34 H x 32 W x 4.5 D (cm)
E.513 This coffin belonged to a woman named Amunirdis, buried in the region of Speos Artemidos in Middle Egypt. It demonstrates standard decorative features of the Late Period, including funerary scenes and texts. An important structural feature is the pedestal, which was used to help keep the coffin vertical whilst rituals were performed in front of it before the burial. Currently in the collections of the Garstang Museum of Archaeology, University of Liverpool.
E.944 Gold plaque setting for earliest known heart-scarab from ancient Egypt, inscribed with a spell to prevent the owner's heart from betraying them during judgement by Osiris. Excavated by John Garstang at Abydos, Egypt in 1907. Currently in the collections of the Garstang Museum of Archaeology, University of Liverpool. 47.6 H x 41.3 W (cm)
This sarcophagus contained the body of a teenage female (15-16 years of age) which was accompanied by a group of impressive jewellery. The coffin itself is of low quality, hewn in a single trunk of sycamore, and painted white with a red interior. Found at Dra Abu el Naga, next to the funerary monument of Djehuty (TT 11). #archaeology
The so-called Trial Passages, a set of tunnels next to the Great Pyramid of Giza (which somehow simulate the Pyramid's interior spaces), have been recently interpreted as an observatory specifically made to enable Egyptians to perform the calculations necessary for the Pyramid's correct alignment according to the stars. #archaeology, #architecture, #astronomy
The #pyramid of Pharaoh Djoser in Saqqara is the first pyramid ever made to host a Pharaoh's burial. As such, it demonstrates a number of archaic features such as its step-shaped sides (believed to represent a stairway to heaven for the Pharaoh's soul to ascend to the stars), its solid main body and the subterranean set of corridors and rooms hosting the burial. The pyramid and its surroundings were subject to a grand #restoration project which was recently completed. For more see: #archaeology