Liberation Square, Thessaloniki, Greece, 1942: 9.000 Jewish citizens of the German occupied city are assembled in the Liberation Sq., and are asked to perform gymnastic exercises. The under-performers are doomed.

JUL 11 1942 ‘Black Sabbath’ for the Jews of Salonika Griechenland, Saloniki. One of a series of images taken by German journalists in Salonika on July

Thessaloniki, Greece, July 1942: Jewish man is forced to perform calisthenics on the day all Jewish men were ordered to a city square to be put to hard labor. They were made to wait for hours in the burning sun and perform calisthenics or dance. This was a precursor of sending the entire Jewish population of the city to the death camps.

JUL 11 1942 ‘Black Sabbath’ for the Jews of Salonika This type of public humiliation had been a feature of the early stages of persecution in other countries – particularly Poland.

Boarding for Crete - 1941

original caption: German paratroops of 5 Gebirgs-Division boarding a Junkers 52 at a Greek airfield, before flying to Crete, 20 May On that morning 3000 German paratroops landed at Maleme, Rethymno, Chania and Heraklion.

In Saloniki, Greece, on November 11, 1942, 9000 Jewish men aged 18-45 were ordered by the German army to come to Eleftheria (Freedom) Square to be registered for forced labor. For hours they were forced to stand in the sun while suffering abuse and humiliation  directed toward them by the German soldiers. The incident became known by local Jews as the “Black Sabbath”.

In Saloniki, Greece, on November 9000 Jewish men aged were ordered by the German army to come to Eleftheria (Freedom) Square to be registered for forced labor.

"A German soldier in front of one of the signs erected after the razing.  The text reads: 'Kandanos was destroyed in retaliation for the bestial ambush murder of a paratrooper platoon and a half-platoon of military engineers by armed men and women.'"

A German soldier in front of one of the signs erected after the razing. The text reads: "Kandanos was destroyed in retaliation for the bestial ambush murder of a paratrooper platoon and a half-platoon of military engineers by armed men and women.

A pair of Greek soldiers make contact with their troops on a field radio during the Greek Civil War. (Photo by Bert Hardy/Picture Post/Getty Images). 22nd May 1948

A pair of Greek soldiers make contact with their troops on a field radio during the Greek Civil War. (Photo by Bert Hardy/Picture Post/Getty Images). May 1948

Elderly Jewish woman from Thessaloniki arriving at Birkenau

Shoah - The Holocaust - A Jewish woman from Greece on the Birkenau platform


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