Potawatomi Indian Trail of Death Commerative Plaque
The Potawatomi Indians forced march called the Trail of Death came through Springfield, Illinois, on September 29, 1838. A plaque presented by the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians commemorates the event on Springfield's Old State Capitol Plaza.
End of the Trail of Tears didn't end the suffering of Cherokees. They arrived in OK but didn't accept the Indian councils in place. The Cherokees split into 2 factions-John Ridge led those who favored the councils, (co-op with the whites) & John Ross led a group which favored Cherokee autonomy. A meeting was called in June 1839 to resolve differences between the Plains Indians & the Cherokees, but ended in disaster. Cherokee unity was never realized.
The Choctaw Indians were the first to be forcible removed by the Federal Government under the 1830 Indian Removal Act. The Secretary of War Lewis Cass named George Gaines general supervisor for Choctaw removal to the Indian Territory. The Gaines’ plan was to transport the Choctaw by steamboat up the Arkansas River to Little Rock, or Fort Smith, and from there be taken by wagon to their new territory. About sixty miles up the Arkansas River, the Choctaw were unloaded at the Arkansas Post.
The Goingsnake Shootout
Ezekiel Proctor was a 19th century Cherokee man who had walked the Trail of Tears from Georgia to the Indian Territory when he was just seven years old. He was proud of his heritage, and he still spoke the language and basked in the customs of the Cherokee people. When he grew up, he became a lawman. Jim Keterson was [...]