Ancient Greek Architecture
Last updated 6 years ago
A caryatid is a sculpted female figure serving as an architectural support taking the place of a column or a pillar supporting an entablature on her head. The Greek term karyatides literally means maidens of Karyai, an ancient town of Peloponnese. Karyai had a famous temple dedicated to the goddess Artemis in her aspect of Artemis Karyatis: As Karyatis she rejoiced in the dances of the nut-tree village of Karyai, those Karyatides, who in their ecstatic round-dance carried on their heads bask
This temple of Hera was built around 550 BC by Greek colonists in the city Paestum, an ancient Greco-Roman city in southern Italy, not far from the beach. Another nearby temple was built about a century later and was also dedicated to Hera, the goddess of marriage and childbirth. Further away stands a temple dedicated to Athena built in about 500 BC.
The Golden Ratio ~ There is one thing that ancient Greeks, Renaissance artists, a 17th century astronomer and 21st century architects all have in common .. they all used the Golden Mean, otherwise known as the Golden Ratio, Divine Proportion, or Golden Section. Precisely, this is the number 1.61803399, represented by the Greek letter Phi, and truly unique in its mathematical properties, its prevalence throughout nature, and its ability to achieve a perfect aesthetic composition.