Portrait of the Marchioness Angela Maria Lombardi:detail ca. 1710 The marchioness wears a splendid costume that enhances her beauty and marks her social status. Her "mantua" (a one-piece open robe) is made of a sky-blue silk damask brocaded in silver and trimmed in the finest lace. The so-called "bizarre" pattern of the damask, produced in France and Italy, was highly fashionable around 1700.
Carcanet or carcan is a jeweled collar or necklace, from the old French, carcan, meaning collar. Carcanets were typically quite elaborate and formal, and worn closely fitted. The style seems to have first appeared with the reemergence of the necklace during the end of the medieval period in the late 1300s.