Greek woman from Smyrna, an important Aegean coastal town, today in Turkey. Many locales were named after Smyrna, notably in the USA. There's a "Smyrna" in the states of California, Delaware, Georgia, Maine, Michigan, North-Carolina & South-Carolina, Tennessee ... and two of them in New York. The original town itself cannot be called "Smyrna" however. The Turks insist that "Izmir", the Turkish mispronunciation of its name, must instead be used in all languages.
Traditional festive costumes of the Greek-Orthodox inhabitants from the Pontos region (Black Sea coast and hinterland). Late-Ottoman era, urban style, early 20th century. They were expelled from Turkey in 1923, in exchange for Muslim populations from Greece. At this occasion Turkey lost a lot of cultural and economic potential, and the expelled lost their homeland.
Traditional women costume of the Greek-Orthodox inhabitants of the Pontos region (Black Sea coast and hinterland). Style: early 20th century. The Greek-Orthodox were expelled from Turkey in 1923, in exchange for Muslim populations from Greece. At this occasion Turkey lost considerable cultural and economic potential, and the expelled lost their homeland.
Greek freedom fighters, May 19 is the day of remembrance of the Pontian Greek Genocide (1916-1923). Records kept mainly by priests show a minimum 350,000 Pontian Greeks exterminated by Turkish troops and Kurdish para-militaries. Other sources including foreign missionaries mention 500,000 deaths, most through deportation and forced marches into the Anatolian desert. Greek cities (Pafra, Samsous, Kerasous, and Trapezous) endured massacres and deportations that destroyed their populations.
Pontian Greeks lived in northern Turkey along the Black Sea. Near the end of WWI, suffering a similar fate of Armenians, Pontian Greeks began an armed resistance, leading to what became known as the Pontus resistance (αντάρτικο του Πόντου in Greek), which lasted until 1923, when most of the population were expelled from Turkey to Greece.
Traditional festive/ceremonial attire, from Trabzon (Eastern Black Sea Coast). Late-Ottoman, end of 19th century.
Macedonian Dress - Macedonian ladies wearing Greek Traditional #Costumes from #Veria, 1910s |Images Chrysa Kostopoulou | #Macedonia #Greece #Folk #GreekCulture