Kurt Schwitters. Kurt Schwitters 1887-1948. German painter, sculptor, typographer and writer. Often called 'father of collage'. Influenced by Expressionism and Cubism 1917-18. In 1918 created his own form of Dada in Hanover called 'Merz', using rubbish materials such as labels, bus tickets and bits of broken wood in his collages and constructions.