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Second Conditional | Grammar
1. The second conditional is used if there is _______ that the condition will happen.no possibilitylittle real possibilitya real possibility2. "If we _______ free, we'd go with you." Which is correct?werearehad been3. "If Justin _______ me to marry him, I'd say yes." Which makes this a correct second conditional sentence?asksaskedhad asked
Conditionals and IF clauses
As you can see, each type of conditional has its own combination of tense used in the if-clause and tense used the main clause. These different pairings of tenses give each type of conditional its own meaning.Other types of conditional clausesNow, these four types of conditional clauses are the traditional ones though there are OTHER types of conditional clauses.IF + PRESENT SIMPLE, ...+ IMPERATIVEWe use the imperative to give instructions of advice. If you see John, tell him
6. Tom would see the sights better if he (sit) in the front seat.7. If you (add) water to the powder, you will create a delicious drink.8. Gene (pass) the test if he had studied for it.9. If Mr. Smith had come on time, we (meet) him at the station.10. Bob (reach) the city by tomorrow if he drives all day today.
Conditionals in English - Common Errors and Tips
The most common mistake is to use will in the main clause.Incorrect:When you leave the milk out, it will become sour.Correct:When you leave the milk out, it becomes sour.Incorrect:If it is cold inside, the heater will turn on.Correct:If it is cold inside, the heater turns on.Incorrect:Nick will need medicine if he coughs.Correct:Nick needs medicine if he coughs.
Common mistakes learners make when forming conditional sentences
Common mistakesThe zero conditionalIn the zero conditional, both clauses are in the present tense. A common mistake is to use ‘will’ in the main clause:If people eat too much, they get fat.they will getWater boils when it reaches 100°C.it will reachThe first conditionalIn the first conditional, we use the present simple in the if-clause and ‘will’ in the main clause. A very common error is to put ‘will’ in the if-clause:If you study more, your English will get better.you will studyI