Traditional Greek headgear of the Eastern Pontic region (i.a. Giresun).  Early 20th century style.

Traditional Greek headgear of the Eastern Pontic region (i.a. Giresun). Early 20th century style.

A Pontic Greek woman in traditional costume.  Late-Ottoman era, ca. 1890.

A Pontic Greek woman in traditional costume. Late-Ottoman era, ca. 1890.

Costume of the (Greek) people's militia of the Eastern Pontos/Black Sea region).  Early 20th century.  Some of the names used by the Greeks are (almost) identical to the names Turks use: Pashlik = başlık, Fesikia = fişeklik, Kaman = kama, Zipkas = zıvga.  Of course, the costume is almost identical too.

Costume of the (Greek) people's militia of the Eastern Pontos/Black Sea region). Early 20th century. Some of the names used by the Greeks are (almost) identical to the names Turks use: Pashlik = başlık, Fesikia = fişeklik, Kaman = kama, Zipkas = zıvga. Of course, the costume is almost identical too.

Traditional women costume of the Greek-Orthodox inhabitants of the Pontos region (Black Sea coast and hinterland). Style: early 20th century. The Greek-Orthodox were expelled from Turkey in 1923, in exchange for Muslim populations from Greece. At this occasion Turkey lost considerable cultural and economic potential, and the expelled lost their homeland.

Traditional women costume of the Greek-Orthodox inhabitants of the Pontos region (Black Sea coast and hinterland). Style: early 20th century. The Greek-Orthodox were expelled from Turkey in 1923, in exchange for Muslim populations from Greece. At this occasion Turkey lost considerable cultural and economic potential, and the expelled lost their homeland.

An ‘uçkur’ (sash/waist band), generally worn by women. From western Anatolia, ca. early 20th c. Cotton, adorned with two-sided (= identical on both sides) embroidery in silk & golden metallic thread + small motifs in ‘tel kırma’ (narrow metallic strips stuck through the fabric and then folded). Probably an apprentice's work (= young girl). The 'Greek cross'-motives indicate a possible 'Rum' (Greek Anatolian) origin. (Inv.n° brdw041 - Kavak Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

An ‘uçkur’ (sash/waist band), generally worn by women. From western Anatolia, ca. early 20th c. Cotton, adorned with two-sided (= identical on both sides) embroidery in silk & golden metallic thread + small motifs in ‘tel kırma’ (narrow metallic strips stuck through the fabric and then folded). Probably an apprentice's work (= young girl). The 'Greek cross'-motives indicate a possible 'Rum' (Greek Anatolian) origin. (Inv.n° brdw041 - Kavak Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Portrait of a Greek (Pontos) man from the Giresun-Trabzon region.  Early 20th century.

Portrait of a Greek (Pontos) man from the Giresun-Trabzon region. Early 20th century.

Four traditional costumes from the Pontos (Black Sea) region.  Clothing style: Rum (Anatolian Greek), early 20th century.  These are contemporary workshop-made copies, as worn by folk dance groups.  (Source: Stamco Costumes; www.greek-costumes.com).

Four traditional costumes from the Pontos (Black Sea) region. Clothing style: Rum (Anatolian Greek), early 20th century. These are contemporary workshop-made copies, as worn by folk dance groups. (Source: Stamco Costumes; www.greek-costumes.com).

Two pairs of marriage crowns from the Pontos region.  'Rum' (Anatolian Greek), 19th century. Top: With filigree green enamel and imitation precious gems.  Probably made in Saframpolis/Safranbolu.  18 cm diameter. Bottom: From the church of St. Stephanos at Saframpolis/Safranbolu.  Made by the local craftsman Hadji Konstantinos.  Dated 1855.  Dedicated by Elisabeth & Stephanos Matentzioglou.  18 cm diameter.  (Both: Benaki Museum, Athens).

Two pairs of marriage crowns from the Pontos region. 'Rum' (Anatolian Greek), 19th century. Top: With filigree green enamel and imitation precious gems. Probably made in Saframpolis/Safranbolu. 18 cm diameter. Bottom: From the church of St. Stephanos at Saframpolis/Safranbolu. Made by the local craftsman Hadji Konstantinos. Dated 1855. Dedicated by Elisabeth & Stephanos Matentzioglou. 18 cm diameter. (Both: Benaki Museum, Athens).

Amulet necklace, for a woman.  Rum (Anatolian Greek), ca. 1900.  From the island of Kastillorizo (2 km south of Kaş).  Silver plated copper and low-grade silver.  Featuring a theological scene (the Mother of God enthroned) surrounded by eight saints' heads (in medallions) and a Serafim (on top).

Amulet necklace, for a woman. Rum (Anatolian Greek), ca. 1900. From the island of Kastillorizo (2 km south of Kaş). Silver plated copper and low-grade silver. Featuring a theological scene (the Mother of God enthroned) surrounded by eight saints' heads (in medallions) and a Serafim (on top).

Traditional festive costume from 'Pontos' (= Turkish Black Sea coast & hinterland).  Clothing style: 'Rum' (Anatolian Greek), early 20th century.  This is a contemporary workshop-made copy, as worn by folk dance groups.  (Source: Stamco Costumes; www.greek-costumes.com).

Traditional festive costume from 'Pontos' (= Turkish Black Sea coast & hinterland). Clothing style: 'Rum' (Anatolian Greek), early 20th century. This is a contemporary workshop-made copy, as worn by folk dance groups. (Source: Stamco Costumes; www.greek-costumes.com).

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