Pontos begin 20e eeuw

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Traditional Greek headgear of the Eastern Pontic region (i.a. Giresun).  Early 20th century style.

Traditional Greek headgear of the Eastern Pontic region (i.a. Giresun). Early 20th century style.

A Pontic Greek woman in traditional costume.  Late-Ottoman era, ca. 1890.

A Pontic Greek woman in traditional costume. Late-Ottoman era, ca. 1890.

Costume of the (Greek) people's militia of the Eastern Pontos/Black Sea region).  Early 20th century.  Some of the names used by the Greeks are (almost) identical to the names Turks use: Pashlik = başlık, Fesikia = fişeklik, Kaman = kama, Zipkas = zıvga.  Of course, the costume is almost identical too.

Costume of the (Greek) people's militia of the Eastern Pontos/Black Sea region). Early 20th century. Some of the names used by the Greeks are (almost) identical to the names Turks use: Pashlik = başlık, Fesikia = fişeklik, Kaman = kama, Zipkas = zıvga. Of course, the costume is almost identical too.

Traditional women costume of the Greek-Orthodox inhabitants of the Pontos region (Black Sea coast and hinterland). Style: early 20th century. The Greek-Orthodox were expelled from Turkey in 1923, in exchange for Muslim populations from Greece. At this occasion Turkey lost considerable cultural and economic potential, and the expelled lost their homeland.

Traditional women costume of the Greek-Orthodox inhabitants of the Pontos region (Black Sea coast and hinterland). Style: early 20th century. The Greek-Orthodox were expelled from Turkey in 1923, in exchange for Muslim populations from Greece. At this occasion Turkey lost considerable cultural and economic potential, and the expelled lost their homeland.

An ‘uçkur’ (sash/waist band), generally worn by women. From western Anatolia, ca. early 20th c. Cotton, adorned with two-sided (= identical on both sides) embroidery in silk & golden metallic thread + small motifs in ‘tel kırma’ (narrow metallic strips stuck through the fabric and then folded). Probably an apprentice's work (= young girl). The 'Greek cross'-motives indicate a possible 'Rum' (Greek Anatolian) origin. (Inv.n° brdw041 - Kavak Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

An ‘uçkur’ (sash/waist band), generally worn by women. From western Anatolia, ca. early 20th c. Cotton, adorned with two-sided (= identical on both sides) embroidery in silk & golden metallic thread + small motifs in ‘tel kırma’ (narrow metallic strips stuck through the fabric and then folded). Probably an apprentice's work (= young girl). The 'Greek cross'-motives indicate a possible 'Rum' (Greek Anatolian) origin. (Inv.n° brdw041 - Kavak Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Four traditional costumes from the Pontos (Black Sea) region.  Clothing style: Rum (Anatolian Greek), early 20th century.  These are contemporary workshop-made copies, as worn by folk dance groups.  (Source: Stamco Costumes; www.greek-costumes.com).

Four traditional costumes from the Pontos (Black Sea) region. Clothing style: Rum (Anatolian Greek), early 20th century. These are contemporary workshop-made copies, as worn by folk dance groups. (Source: Stamco Costumes; www.greek-costumes.com).

Portrait of a Greek (Pontos) man from the Giresun-Trabzon region.  Early 20th century.

Portrait of a Greek (Pontos) man from the Giresun-Trabzon region. Early 20th century.

Two pairs of marriage crowns from the Pontos region.  'Rum' (Anatolian Greek), 19th century. Top: With filigree green enamel and imitation precious gems.  Probably made in Saframpolis/Safranbolu.  18 cm diameter. Bottom: From the church of St. Stephanos at Saframpolis/Safranbolu.  Made by the local craftsman Hadji Konstantinos.  Dated 1855.  Dedicated by Elisabeth & Stephanos Matentzioglou.  18 cm diameter.  (Both: Benaki Museum, Athens).

Two pairs of marriage crowns from the Pontos region. 'Rum' (Anatolian Greek), 19th century. Top: With filigree green enamel and imitation precious gems. Probably made in Saframpolis/Safranbolu. 18 cm diameter. Bottom: From the church of St. Stephanos at Saframpolis/Safranbolu. Made by the local craftsman Hadji Konstantinos. Dated 1855. Dedicated by Elisabeth & Stephanos Matentzioglou. 18 cm diameter. (Both: Benaki Museum, Athens).

Amulet necklace, for a woman.  Rum (Anatolian Greek), ca. 1900.  From the island of Kastillorizo (2 km south of Kaş).  Silver plated copper and low-grade silver.  Featuring a theological scene (the Mother of God enthroned) surrounded by eight saints' heads (in medallions) and a Serafim (on top).

Amulet necklace, for a woman. Rum (Anatolian Greek), ca. 1900. From the island of Kastillorizo (2 km south of Kaş). Silver plated copper and low-grade silver. Featuring a theological scene (the Mother of God enthroned) surrounded by eight saints' heads (in medallions) and a Serafim (on top).

Traditional festive costume from 'Pontos' (= Turkish Black Sea coast & hinterland).  Clothing style: 'Rum' (Anatolian Greek), early 20th century.  This is a contemporary workshop-made copy, as worn by folk dance groups.  (Source: Stamco Costumes; www.greek-costumes.com).

Traditional festive costume from 'Pontos' (= Turkish Black Sea coast & hinterland). Clothing style: 'Rum' (Anatolian Greek), early 20th century. This is a contemporary workshop-made copy, as worn by folk dance groups. (Source: Stamco Costumes; www.greek-costumes.com).


Περισσότερες ιδέες
Traditional festive costume from 'Pontos' (= Turkish Black Sea coast & hinterland).  Clothing style: 'Rum' (Anatolian Greek), early 20th century.  This is a contemporary workshop-made copy, as worn by folk dance groups.  (Source: Stamco Costumes; www.greek-costumes.com).

Traditional festive costume from 'Pontos' (= Turkish Black Sea coast & hinterland). Clothing style: 'Rum' (Anatolian Greek), early 20th century. This is a contemporary workshop-made copy, as worn by folk dance groups. (Source: Stamco Costumes; www.greek-costumes.com).

Pontian traditional costumes ('Rum' = Anatolian Greek), northeastern Anatolia, ca. early 20th century.

Pontian traditional costumes ('Rum' = Anatolian Greek), northeastern Anatolia, ca. early 20th century.

Four traditional costumes from the Pontos (Black Sea) region.  Clothing style: Rum (Anatolian Greek), early 20th century.  These are contemporary workshop-made copies, as worn by folk dance groups.  (Source: Stamco Costumes; www.greek-costumes.com).

Four traditional costumes from the Pontos (Black Sea) region. Clothing style: Rum (Anatolian Greek), early 20th century. These are contemporary workshop-made copies, as worn by folk dance groups. (Source: Stamco Costumes; www.greek-costumes.com).

Traditional festive costume of the Greek-Orthodox inhabitants from the Pontos region (Black Sea coast and hinterland).  Late-Ottoman era, urban style, early 20th century. This is a recent recomposed copy, as worn by folk dance groups.

Traditional festive costume of the Greek-Orthodox inhabitants from the Pontos region (Black Sea coast and hinterland). Late-Ottoman era, urban style, early 20th century. This is a recent recomposed copy, as worn by folk dance groups.

Traditional woman's hat.  Rum (Anatolian Greek) from the Pontos region, style of the early 20th century.  This is a (good) recent workshop-made copy, as worn by folk dance groups.

Traditional woman's hat. Rum (Anatolian Greek) from the Pontos region, style of the early 20th century. This is a (good) recent workshop-made copy, as worn by folk dance groups.

Traditional women costume of the Greek-Orthodox inhabitants of the Pontos region (Black Sea coast and hinterland).  Style: early 20th century.  The Greek-Orthodox were expelled from Turkey in 1923, in exchange for Muslim populations from Greece.  At this occasion Turkey lost considerable cultural and economic potential, and the expelled lost their homeland.

Traditional women costume of the Greek-Orthodox inhabitants of the Pontos region (Black Sea coast and hinterland). Style: early 20th century. The Greek-Orthodox were expelled from Turkey in 1923, in exchange for Muslim populations from Greece. At this occasion Turkey lost considerable cultural and economic potential, and the expelled lost their homeland.

Pontos means sea. Pontioi used to live between Russia and Turkey. They were Greeks sent there in Byzantine era to protect the borders. They were strong passionate people. After the last wars between Turkey and Greece, there was a population exchange, so many of them had to leave their land to come to Greece. Many of them were killed, that is why they always wear black. They show their constant grieve. Their costume is complete with a pair of sharp knives.

Pontos means sea. Pontioi used to live between Russia and Turkey. They were Greeks sent there in Byzantine era to protect the borders. They were strong passionate people. After the last wars between Turkey and Greece, there was a population exchange, so many of them had to leave their land to come to Greece. Many of them were killed, that is why they always wear black. They show their constant grieve. Their costume is complete with a pair of sharp knives.

Traditional costume of the Greek-Orthodox people’s militia from the Eastern Pontos region (Black Sea coast and hinterland).  Early 20th century.  The Greek-Orthodox were expelled from Turkey in 1923, in exchange for Muslim populations from Greece.  At this occasion Turkey lost considerable cultural and economic potential, and the expelled lost their homeland.

Traditional costume of the Greek-Orthodox people’s militia from the Eastern Pontos region (Black Sea coast and hinterland). Early 20th century. The Greek-Orthodox were expelled from Turkey in 1923, in exchange for Muslim populations from Greece. At this occasion Turkey lost considerable cultural and economic potential, and the expelled lost their homeland.

pontia_1.jpg (307×433)

pontia_1.jpg (307×433)

Traditional festive costume of the Greek-Orthodox inhabitants from the Pontos region (Black Sea coast + hinterland). Clothing style: urban, early 20th century. This is a recent workshop-made copy, as worn by folk dance groups.

Traditional festive costume of the Greek-Orthodox inhabitants from the Pontos region (Black Sea coast + hinterland). Clothing style: urban, early 20th century. This is a recent workshop-made copy, as worn by folk dance groups.

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