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Greece Mainland: Soldiers, Civilians and Battles

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Fallschirmjager in Kreta, Greece, pin by Paolo Marzioli

Fallschirmjager in Kreta, Greece, pin by Paolo Marzioli

Creta may 1941

Creta may 1941

Greece, 1941-1944. Μalnourished child holding ration coupon is about to try some soup from a soup kitchen; under German and Axis occupation Greeks were deprived from all food supplies produced in their country, which were sent to Axis troops waging war at the Eastern Front. Things got worse by Greek-run black market "businessmen". Consequently, death ratio due to famine raised to one of the highest in occupied Europe.

Greece, 1941-1944. Μalnourished child holding ration coupon is about to try some soup from a soup kitchen; under German and Axis occupation Greeks were deprived from all food supplies produced in their country, which were sent to Axis troops waging war at the Eastern Front. Things got worse by Greek-run black market "businessmen". Consequently, death ratio due to famine raised to one of the highest in occupied Europe.

Arta, Greece, 1944. "Aetopoula" (i.e. Young Eagles) served mainly as messengers of the Greek resistance organization EAM (i.e. National Liberation Front). Here Aetopoula clean debris in the north-western city of Arta, controlled by resistance forces, before the liberation of the country. Germans, Italians and Bulgarians of the Axis Triple Occupation forces never took full control of Greece during Occupation (April 1941-October 1944).

Arta, Greece, 1944. "Aetopoula" (i.e. Young Eagles) served mainly as messengers of the Greek resistance organization EAM (i.e. National Liberation Front). Here Aetopoula clean debris in the north-western city of Arta, controlled by resistance forces, before the liberation of the country. Germans, Italians and Bulgarians of the Axis Triple Occupation forces never took full control of Greece during Occupation (April 1941-October 1944).

The deportation of Ioannina Jews, Greece 1944. During the final months of the German occupation of Greece in 1944, the Nazis deported the majority of Jews (roughly 1,860) from Ioannina to concentration camps. Almost all of those deported were gassed on or shortly there after 11 April 1944

The deportation of Ioannina Jews, Greece 1944. During the final months of the German occupation of Greece in 1944, the Nazis deported the majority of Jews (roughly 1,860) from Ioannina to concentration camps. Almost all of those deported were gassed on or shortly there after 11 April 1944

Gen. Napoleon Zervas (second from left) with some of his officers of the resistance National Republican Greek League during the Nazi occupation of Greece, 1941-44.

Gen. Napoleon Zervas (second from left) with some of his officers of the resistance National Republican Greek League during the Nazi occupation of Greece, 1941-44.

Greek soldiers descend the hill during the war with Italy. "...all free peoples are deeply impressed by the courage and steadfastness of the Greek nation." Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United States, Letter to King George of Greece on December 5, 1940, regarding the Greek victory in the Greco-Italian War

Greek soldiers descend the hill during the war with Italy. "...all free peoples are deeply impressed by the courage and steadfastness of the Greek nation." Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United States, Letter to King George of Greece on December 5, 1940, regarding the Greek victory in the Greco-Italian War

Portrait of Greek partisans, members of the Cretan Resistance. The Cretan Resistance was an armed movement against the occupying forces of Germany and Italy by the residents of the Greek island of Crete - part of the larger Greek Resistance. For the first time during the war, attacking German and Italian forces in Crete faced a valiant and violent resistance from the local population. Cretan civilians and guerillas picked off paratroopers or attacked them with knives, axes, or scythes.

Portrait of Greek partisans, members of the Cretan Resistance. The Cretan Resistance was an armed movement against the occupying forces of Germany and Italy by the residents of the Greek island of Crete - part of the larger Greek Resistance. For the first time during the war, attacking German and Italian forces in Crete faced a valiant and violent resistance from the local population. Cretan civilians and guerillas picked off paratroopers or attacked them with knives, axes, or scythes.

British troops in Athens, Greek civil war, 1944

British troops in Athens, Greek civil war, 1944

Greece, 1944: Ioachim, the orthodox bishop of Chios (1880-1948), who joined the partisans against German occupation, refused to accept the decision of the Holy Synod of the Church of Greece to excommunicate all pro-communist DSE (Democratic Army of Greece) members; for this reason, the Archbishop and Vice-Roy Damaskenos dismissed Ioachim in 1946, who died four years later. Here Ioachim inspects a DSE squadron.

Greece, 1944: Ioachim, the orthodox bishop of Chios (1880-1948), who joined the partisans against German occupation, refused to accept the decision of the Holy Synod of the Church of Greece to excommunicate all pro-communist DSE (Democratic Army of Greece) members; for this reason, the Archbishop and Vice-Roy Damaskenos dismissed Ioachim in 1946, who died four years later. Here Ioachim inspects a DSE squadron.

Greece, 1941-1944. German occupation forces preparing the execution by hanging of a Greek resistant.

Greece, 1941-1944. German occupation forces preparing the execution by hanging of a Greek resistant.

Nazi entering Athens, Greece in 1941

Nazi entering Athens, Greece in 1941

Crete, Greece, German paratroopers with local hostages before taking them to be killed, May-June 1941.

Crete, Greece, German paratroopers with local hostages before taking them to be killed, May-June 1941.

Athens 1941

Athens 1941

Alpini Soldiers in Greece 1941

Alpini Soldiers in Greece 1941

Thessaly, Greece, 1942-1944. Greek kids joined the resistance against the Axis Triple occupation of the country. They were organized in "Aetopoula" (i.e. Young Eagles) affiliated to EAM (i.e. National Liberation Front). They mostly served carrying messages to resistants. Here, four Aetopoula, show the marks or torture by the German occupation forces at Thessaly, perhaps in 1944. They were released because the Germans couldn't break them & spared their lives.

Thessaly, Greece, 1942-1944. Greek kids joined the resistance against the Axis Triple occupation of the country. They were organized in "Aetopoula" (i.e. Young Eagles) affiliated to EAM (i.e. National Liberation Front). They mostly served carrying messages to resistants. Here, four Aetopoula, show the marks or torture by the German occupation forces at Thessaly, perhaps in 1944. They were released because the Germans couldn't break them & spared their lives.