The Royal Collection
Marie-Antoinette's Fan; Acquirer: Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1819-1901) Provenance: Reputedly, Queen Marie-Antoinette; purchased in Paris by Queen Louise of the Belgians for Queen Victoria, 1839; bequeathed to King Edward VII, 1901 Description: acquired for Queen Victoria in Paris by her aunt, Queen Louise of the Belgians (1812-50) in late December 1839, between Queen Victoria’s proposal of marriage to Prince Albert in October 1839 and the royal wedding in February 1840
Essen crown. The small crown is the oldest surviving crown of lilies in Europe. It is stored for almost a millennium in the Essen treasury. It was used until the 16th century at the coronation of the Golden Madonna at the Candlemas on February 2nd. The gold band with 4 lilies is decorated with filigree patterns of coupled gold wires, set with pearls and precious stones. The crown was created at the second half of the 11th century. The origin of the crown is unclear.
Mariana Victoria of Spain (1718 – 1781) Infanta of Spain, later Queen of Portugal as wife of King Joseph I. Eldest daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elisabeth Farnese, she was engaged to 1st cousin young Louis XV of France at seven. The marriage never took place; she was sent back to Spain. In 1729 she married the son of John V of Portugal. As the mother of Maria I of Portugal, she was regent of Portugal during the last months of her husband's life, advisor to her daughter in her reign.