Frank Sinatra was a big activist in the civil rights movement, refusing to stay at hotels that didn't allow "blacks". Even using his mafia ties to help get labor unions behind JFK because he knew they shared the same opinions on equal rights.
Isaac Murphy was the first jockey to win the Kentucky Derby three times, and he was the first black jockey to be inducted in the Thoroughbred racing Hall of Fame, in 1955. At any race track in this country now, you’d have a hard time finding an African-American in the saddle.
Nat “The Bush Doctor” opened his first shop in 1969 when he was 23 years old. It was called Nat’s Hair Care Clinic. When Afros first came out, people were just wearing them natural and it put a lot of people out of work. Nat's idea was focused on how to treat the hair, not just cut it. He got the name Bush Doctor because he called himself the Hair Doctor. When the Afro came out and he started styling it, the neighborhood started call him the Bush Doctor.
September 17, 1953 Ernie Banks becomes the first African American baseball player to wear a Chicago Cubs uniform. Banks is also quick to say “Let’s play two!” Banks will be the Cubs’ outstanding shortstop from 1954 to 1960. In 1961 he will be moved to left field, then to first base, where he will spend the rest of his career.