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King Edward I Longshanks (1272 - 1307) The House of Plantagenet - ArtiFact :: Encyclopedia of Everything Art, Antiques & Collectibles
King of England from 1272, son of Henry III (1207–72). He led the royal forces against Simon de Montfort (the Younger) in the Barons’ War of 1264–67, and was on a crusade when he succeeded to the throne. He established English rule over all of Wales in 1282–84, and secured recognition of his overlordship from the Scottish king, although the Scots under Sir William Wallace and Robert the Bruce fiercely resisted actual conquest. House of Plantagenet...