Porencephalic cyst- cranial ultrasound, coronal view

Periventricular hemorrhagic infarction (PVHI) with

Anatmony - Inguinal Region - Inguinal Hernia and Hasselbach's Triangle

Anatmony - Inguinal Region - Inguinal Hernia and Hasselbach's Triangle

Anatomy - Inguinal Region - Deep Inguinal Ring - This is a long axis view through the right inguinal canal, inferior to Figure 3, oriented parallel to the inguinal ligament. The deep inguinal ring (arrowheads) is a hypoechoic defect in the posterior wall of the inguinal canal immediately lateral to the inferior epigastric vessels.

Long axis USG image through the right inguinal canal. The indirect inguinal hernia (arrows) emerges lateral to the inferior epigastric vessels (IEV) through the deep ring (crosses), passing over the

Muscle - Myositis - Intramuscular edema denoting Myositis.

Muscle - Myositis - Intramuscular edema denoting Myositis.

Inguinal Region - Femoral Hernia - The SFJ is the landmark used to assess for a femoral hernia - A controlled Valsalva maneuver is performed, normally resulting in distension of the femoral vein with increased intra-abdominal pressure. In contrast, a femoral hernia descends from above, causing a soft tissue bulge medial to the femoral vein, which is compressed - (A) was taken at rest and (B) during Valsalva.

Figure 10 (A, B): Transverse USG image demonstrating the typical right femoral hernia emerging medial to a compressed femoral vein (FV) with increased intra-abdominal pressure. (A) was taken at rest and (B) during Valsalva

Anatomy - Inguinal Region - Superior Aspect of Inguinal Canal - Transverse USG image. The inferior epigastric vessels have emerged from the right rectus abdominis and are traveling posterolaterally toward their origin. A soft tissue bulge (arrowheads) is seen deep to the rectus, representing the superior aspect of the inguinal canal.

Anatomy - Inguinal Region - Superior Aspect of Inguinal Canal - Transverse USG image. The inferior epigastric vessels have emerged from the right rectus abdominis and are traveling posterolaterally toward their origin. A soft tissue bulge (arrowheads) is seen deep to the rectus, representing the superior aspect of the inguinal canal.

Grading of Intraventricular Hemorrhage

Cranial Ultrasound Protocol to Evaluate at-risk Infants for Intraventricular Hemorrhage (IVH) and Periventricular Leukomalacia (PVL)

Anatomy - IEV - Transverse USG image over the right rectus abdominis just below the umbilicus showing the inferior epigastric vessels (arrow) within the substance of the posterior muscle. Color Doppler may be used to locate the vessels if not immediately apparent

Figure Transverse USG image over the right rectus abdominis just below the umbilicus showing the inferior epigastric vessels (arrow) within the substance of the posterior muscle. Color Doppler may be used to locate the vessels if not immediately apparent

Ultrasound of Pulmonary Edema - A Lines vs B Lines

Ultrasound of Pulmonary Edema - A Lines vs B Lines

Grade 4 germinal matrix hemorrhage in a 1-week-old male. A: Coronal US image reveals hemorrhage within the lateral ventricles as well as within the subventricular parenchyma (arrows), related to venous infarction. B: Sagittal images show hemorrhage in both lateral ventricles.

Vascular and Traumatic Brain Injury

Germinal matrix haemorrhage = Intraventricular Haemorrhage - Left sided intraventricular haemorrhage located at the caudothalamic groove, and extending into the occipital horn, without ventricular dilatation.

Germinal matrix haemorrhage = Intraventricular Haemorrhage - Left sided intraventricular haemorrhage located at the caudothalamic groove, and extending into the occipital horn, without ventricular dilatation.

Normal caudothalamic groove - Any echogenicity seen anterior to the groove suggests germinal matrix haemorrhage.

Normal caudothalamic groove - Any echogenicity seen anterior to the groove suggests germinal matrix haemorrhage.

Consolidated lung or Pneumonia - Anechoic tubular structures could be mucus plug or vessels, differentiate with duplex.

Consolidated lung or Pneumonia - Anechoic tubular structures could be mucus plug or vessels, differentiate with duplex.

Empyema - thickened wall

Empyema - thickened wall

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