Madder – Rubia tinctorium, Rubia cordifolia, and Morinda citrifolia is one of the oldest dyestuffs. It is frequently used to produce turkey reds, mulberry, orange-red, terra cotta, and in combination with other dyes and dyeing procedures can yield crimson, purple, rust, browns, and near black. The primary dye component is alizarin. Madder is cultivated and grows wild in India, South East Asia, Turkey, Europe, South China, parts of Africa, Australia and Japan.
Woad. Duration: Biennial (hardy in zones 3-8) When to Sow: Spring/Late Summer/Early Fall Ease of Germination: Easy For ages the main source of blue dye in Europe, until the introduction of indigo in the 17th century. Contains the same dyestuff as indigo, though in lower concentration. Because it is hardy (unlike indigo) woad is still grown for natural dyeing. Due to USDA regulations, this item can not be shipped to Montana or California. Richters seed catalog