Lynching, the practice of killing people by extrajudicial mob action, occurred in the United States chiefly from the late 18th century through the 1960s. Lynchings took place most frequently against African-American men in the Southern US after the American Civil War and emancipation, and particularly from 1890 to the 1920s, with a peak in 1892. Lynchings were also very common in the Old West, where victims were primarily men of Mexican and Chinese minorities, although whites were also lynched
Linchamiento Linchamiento de Jóvenes en 1930. Estos jóvenes fueron acusados de violar a una joven blanca, los pobladores de la zona decidieron tomar justicia por sus manos ingorando la orden de arresto por parte de la policía. Fue en la época dura del racismo, en dicho linchamiento estuvieron presente 10.000 personas y nadie hizo nada.
'Strange Fruit' _Southern trees bear strange fruit, blood on the leaves & blood at the root, black bodies swinging in the southern breeze, strange fruit hanging from the Poplar Trees. Pastoral scene of the gallant South, the bulging eyes & the twisted mouth, scent of magnolias, sweet & fresh, than the sudden smell of burning flesh. Here is fruit for the crows to pluck, for the rain to gather, for the wind to suck, for the sun to rot, for the trees to drop, here is a strange & bitter crop!
In the last decades of the 19th century, the lynching of Black people in the South became an institutionalized method used by whites to terrorize Blacks and maintain white supremacy. From 1880 to 1940,there was deep-seated & all-pervading hatred & fear of the Negro which led white mobs to turn to “lynch law” as a means of social control. Lynchings—open public murders of individuals suspected of crime conceived & carried out spontaneously by a mob seem to have been an American invention.
Lynching of Chandler Colding, an African American man charged with raping a 77 year woman. A masked mob of 250 men stormed the sheriff's car and seized Colding, on his way to the hospital to be identified by the woman. He was hung from a tree, riddled with hundreds of bullets and displayed. Citra, Florida circa 1926. CSU Archives/Courtesy Everett Collection
The idea behind lynching was clear and simple. It was meant to strike terror in the hearts of the African-Descent population and it did.Lynching was a punishment system and a symbol of domination used by European-Descent Americans against the African-Descent community. It was also used against members of the abolitionist movement and all those who opposed slavery and inequality.