Independence Movement in Greece

Nationalism and Independence for the Greeks
The Orthodox Church, led by its Patriarch in Constantinople, played a fundamental part in Greek society and in defining Greek identity; Greek was the language of the church and the church played an important role in education. As well as being defined by religion and language

The Orthodox Church, led by its Patriarch in Constantinople, played a fundamental part in Greek society and in defining Greek identity; Greek was the language of the church and the church played an important role in education. As well as being defined by religion and language

Hand-coloured portraits of an officer of the Janissaries and a Greek sailor-As well as being defined by religion and language, Greek identity was shaped by traditions, class and occupation, and towards the late 18th century a distinctive Greek consciousness began to emerge. In addition, the Greek diaspora, who set up prosperous colonies in major cities and ports in western Europe, absorbed western intellectual ideas of the time. The diasporic Greeks would play a significant role in the path…

Hand-coloured portraits of an officer of the Janissaries and a Greek sailor-As well as being defined by religion and language, Greek identity was shaped by traditions, class and occupation, and towards the late 18th century a distinctive Greek consciousness began to emerge. In addition, the Greek diaspora, who set up prosperous colonies in major cities and ports in western Europe, absorbed western intellectual ideas of the time. The diasporic Greeks would play a significant role in the path…

The flag that would be the symbol of Greece during the revolution was blessed by Bishop Germanos of Patras as the people adopted the slogan “freedom or death” as their battle cry.

The flag that would be the symbol of Greece during the revolution was blessed by Bishop Germanos of Patras as the people adopted the slogan “freedom or death” as their battle cry.

Patriarch Gregory V of Constantinople shortly before his execution, as depicted by Nikiphoros Lytras

Patriarch Gregory V of Constantinople shortly before his execution, as depicted by Nikiphoros Lytras

Patriarch Gregory V of Constantinople

Patriarch Gregory V of Constantinople

Nikitaras was the nom de guerre of Nikitas Stamatelopoulos (1784 – 1849), a Greek revolutionary in the Greek War of Independence. Due to his fighting prowess, he was known as Tourkofagos, literally means "Turk-Eater".

Nikitaras was the nom de guerre of Nikitas Stamatelopoulos (1784 – 1849), a Greek revolutionary in the Greek War of Independence. Due to his fighting prowess, he was known as Tourkofagos, literally means "Turk-Eater".

"Markos Botsaris surprises the Ottoman camp and falls fatally wounded" by Eugène Delacroix.

"Markos Botsaris surprises the Ottoman camp and falls fatally wounded" by Eugène Delacroix.

Theodoros Kolokotronis portrait, 1853, oil on canvas. Kolokotronis (3 April 1770 – 4 February 1843) was a Greek general and the pre-eminent leader of the Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire. His greatest success was the defeat of the Ottoman army under Mahmud Dramali Pasha at the Battle of Dervenakia in 1822. In 1825, he was appointed commander-in-chief of the Greek forces in the Peloponnese. He ranks among the most revered of the protagonists of the War of Independence.

Theodoros Kolokotronis portrait, 1853, oil on canvas. Kolokotronis (3 April 1770 – 4 February 1843) was a Greek general and the pre-eminent leader of the Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire. His greatest success was the defeat of the Ottoman army under Mahmud Dramali Pasha at the Battle of Dervenakia in 1822. In 1825, he was appointed commander-in-chief of the Greek forces in the Peloponnese. He ranks among the most revered of the protagonists of the War of Independence.

Portrait of Dionysios Solomos (1798-1857). Solomos wrote in 1823 the Hymn to Liberty which later became the National Greek anthem.

Portrait of Dionysios Solomos (1798-1857). Solomos wrote in 1823 the Hymn to Liberty which later became the National Greek anthem.

Rigas Feraios or Rigas Velestinlis (1757 – June 24, 1798) was a Greek writer, political thinker and revolutionary, active in the Modern Greek Enlightenment, remembered as a Greek national hero, a victim of the Balkan uprising against the Ottoman Empire and a forerunner of the Greek War of Independence.

Rigas Feraios or Rigas Velestinlis (1757 – June 24, 1798) was a Greek writer, political thinker and revolutionary, active in the Modern Greek Enlightenment, remembered as a Greek national hero, a victim of the Balkan uprising against the Ottoman Empire and a forerunner of the Greek War of Independence.

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